Crimes in Utah are generally categorized as infractions, misdemeanors, and felonies. Infractions are the least severe, often punishable by a fine.
Utah’s sentencing guidelines for misdemeanors and felonies are outlined in the Utah Criminal Code. Keep in mind that changes to code happen regularly and this post may not always be up-to-date; it is always a good idea to consult with an attorney for the most accurate and current advice.
Misdemeanors are divided into three classes: Class A, Class B, and Class C. The sentencing guidelines for each class are as follows:
- Class A Misdemeanor: Punishable by up to 364 days in jail and/or a fine of up to $2,950.
- Class B Misdemeanor: Punishable by up to 6 months in jail and/or a fine of up to $1,000.
- Class C Misdemeanor: Punishable by up to 90 days in jail and/or a fine of up to $750.
Felonies are divided into three degrees: first-degree, second-degree, and third-degree. The sentencing guidelines for each degree are as follows:
- First-Degree Felony: Punishable by a prison term of 5 years to life and/or a fine of up to $10,000. Some first-degree felonies, like aggravated murder, may carry the possibility of the death penalty or life without parole.
- Second-Degree Felony: Punishable by a prison term of 1 to 15 years and/or a fine of up to $10,000.
- Third-Degree Felony: Punishable by a prison term of 0 to 5 years and/or a fine of up to $5,000.
It’s important to note that these are general sentencing guidelines, and the actual sentence imposed can depend on various factors, such as the specific circumstances of the case, the defendant’s criminal history, and any aggravating or mitigating factors. Judges in Utah may use the Utah Sentencing Commission’s guidelines as a reference when determining an appropriate sentence.